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Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), born in Oak Park, Illinois, started his career as a writer in a newspaper office in Kansas City at the age of seventeen. After the United States entered the First World War, he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army. Serving at the front, he was wounded, was decorated by the Italian Government, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian and American newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to cover such events as the Greek Revolution.

During the twenties, Hemingway became a member of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926). Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929), the study of an American ambulance officer’s disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman’s journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat.

Hemingway – himself a great sportsman – liked to portray soldiers, hunters, bullfighters – tough, at times primitive people whose courage and honesty are set against the brutal ways of modern society, and who in this confrontation lose hope and faith. His straightforward prose, his spare dialogue, and his predilection for understatement are particularly effective in his short stories, some of which are collected in Men Without Women (1927) and The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938). Hemingway died in Idaho in 1961.

 Ernest Hemingway Works


  1. The Torrents of Spring (1925)
  2. The Sun Also Rises (1926)
  3. A Farewell to Arms (1929)
  4. To Have and Have Not(1937)
  5. For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
  6. Across the River and Into the Trees (1950)
  7. The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
  8. Adventures of a Young Man (1962)
  9. Islands in the Stream (1970)
  10. The Garden of Eden (1986)


  1. Death in the Afternoon (1932)
  2. Green Hills of Africa (1935)
  3. The Dangerous Summer (1960)
  4. A Moveable Feast (1964)

Short Story Collections

  1. Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923)
  2. In Our Time (1925)
  3. Men Without Women (1927)
  4. The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1932)
  5. Winner Take Nothing (1933)
  6. The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938)
  7. The Essential Hemingway (1947)
  8. The Hemingway Reader (1953)
  9. The Nick Adams Stories (1972)
Today is Friday. – Englewood, N.J. : As Stable, 1926
Death in the Afternoon. – New York : Scribner, 1932
God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen. – New York : House of Books, 1933
Green Hills of Africa. – New York : Scribner, 1935
The Spanish Earth. – Cleveland : Savage, 1938
The Secret Agent’s Badge of Courage. – Belmont Books, 1954
Two Christmas Tales. – Hart Press, 1959.
A Moveable Feast. – New York : Scribners, 1964
The Collected Poems of Ernest Hemingway. – New York : Haskell House, 1970
Eighty-Eight Poems / edited by Nicholas Gerogiannis. – New York & London : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich/ Bruccoli Clark, 1979. – Enlarged as Complete Poems (University of Nebraska Press, 1983)
Ernest Hemingway, Selected Letters, 1917-1961, Scribner, 1981.
Complete Poems, edited by Nicholas Gerogiannis, University of Nebraska Press, 1983.
Hemingway on Writing / edited by Larry W. Phillips. – New York : Scribners, 1984
The Dangerous Summer / introduction by James A. Michener. – New York : Scribner, 1985
Conversations With Ernest Hemingway. – University Press of Mississippi , 1986.
Hemingway at Oak Park High : The High School Writings of Ernest Hemingway, 1916-1917. – Alpine Guild, 1993
The Only Thing That Counts : The Ernest Hemingway/Maxwell Perkins Correspondence, 1925-1947 / edited by Matthew J. Bruccoli. – New York : Scribner, 1996
A Moveable Feast : the Restored Edition / foreword by Patrick Hemingway : edited with an introduction by Seán Hemingway. – New York : Scribner, 2009
On Paris. – London : Hesprus, 2010
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 was awarded to Ernest Miller Hemingway “for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style”
Ernest Hemingway received the Italian Silver Medal of BraveryAt a time when World War One was at its crescendo, Hemingway traveled to Europe to volunteer as an ambulance driver in the Italian Army. He braced terrible and quite frankly dangerous conditions at the Italian front. His defining moment came when he saved the lives of two Italian soldiers. This altruistic feat of his earned him the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery. Just moments before that he had come under severe attacks from a mortar fire. He sustained life-threatening injuries when he was shot at with machine-guns. The budding writer would be rushed to a military hospital in Milan, where he was immediately operated on for the shrapnel wounds he had sustained. He recuperated for about six months in the hospital.
Covered the Spanish Civil WarIn 1937, Hemingway accepted an assignment to cover the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA). While there he called for international support for the Popular Front – a military group fighting the fascist regime of Franco.It was during this assignment of his that he met his third wife Martha Gellhorn, a fellow war correspondent who many consider one of the greatest war correspondent of the 20th century.
Correspondent during the Second World WarReceived a Bronze Star from the U.S. Armed ForcesPulitzer Prize winner in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea

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